The best way to treat your allergies is to avoid what you are allergic to. Sometimes this just isn’t possible and that’s why medical therapy is necessary. There are countless allergy medications on the market that can treat all of your allergy symptoms.
Antihistamines target the release of histamine, which is is created during an allergic reaction. The histamine is what causes your symptoms. Antihistamines can be taken as a pill, which targets itching, sneezing and runny nose, or as a nasal spray, which works to eliminate congestion, itchy or runny noses and postnasal drip. While antihistamines can be used to treat a reaction, they can also be used as a preventative measure. If taken before you have symptoms they can actually block the release of histamines up to a few weeks later.
Some antihistamines, such as Dimetapp Allergy and Benadryl, will make you tired while others, such as Allegra and Claritin, will not.
Decongestants work to reduce the fluid in the lining of your nose, which relieves you of swollen nasal passages and congestion. This medication comes in a few forms; it can be taken orally as a pill or liquid, or as a nasal spray. It is important to not overuse this type of medication, as it can make your symptoms harder to treat down the road.
Decongestants can cause a number of side effects, such as an increased heart rate and blood pressure and sleeplessness. This type of medication should not be taken by those with heart problems or high blood pressure.
Corticosteroids are used to reduce the inflammation caused by an allergic reaction. This can treat your nasal stuffiness, sneezing and runny nose. As with the other drugs listed, corticosteroids are available as a pill or as a nasal spray. While steroids can be very effective at treating allergy symptoms, they must be taken regularly to have any effect.
Some individuals may experience weight gain, fluid retention and high pressure form taking corticosteroids.